Laptop Jargon Buster
June 09, 2021
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Shopping for a new laptop can be a very daunting experience, especially if you don’t know exactly what you are looking for and are being bombarded with technical information that you don’t understand.

With this in mind, we have created this handy Jargon buster to help you wrap your head around the basics and work out which Laptop is the right one for you.

CPU/Processor

The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the brain of the laptop and does most of the general work. When the laptop needs to do anything, the CPU executes that task. Better CPUs process more data faster. Processors are generally multi-core - either dual (two) or quad (four) core. This is like one head with two brains, or four brains for quad core. Multi-core CPU’s allow higher levels of multi-tasking.

Storage

Storage space on a laptop’s internal drive is how much data it can hold. All data, from downloads to software, are stored on the internal storage device.

A HDD (hard disk drive) has rotating disks on which information is stored. Importantly, a HDD retains that information even when switched off, so the information is not lost unless it is deliberately deleted.

EMMC and SSD storage use NAND Flash to store data, this doesn’t have moving parts and offers a dramatic performance boost over a standard HDD.

RAM

RAM (random access memory), also known as “memory”, temporarily stores and accesses information for use straight away. The more RAM, the more your laptop can call up at any time – so more RAM is of course better.

Graphics chip

Integrated means the graphics chip shares the computer's memory, which can make it slower to process video and images, but tends to be cheaper and is just a chip on the motherboard – usually for surfing the net, or watching video’s the onboard graphics are more than enough

Graphics cards usually have their own dedicated RAM – but unless you are planning on serious gaming or graphic rendering you won’t need one of these!

Ports

There are various ports available to connect your Laptop – here are some of the more common ones;

3.5mm Audio Jack – sometimes called headphone jack this is to connect wired headphones or speakers to your laptop

Ethernet – also known as RJ-45, this will allow you to have a wired internet connection (instead of via Wifi, albeit this will still be an option)

HDMI – High Definition Multimedia Interface – this allows you to connect to a separate monitor or TV and share video and audio

USB 2.0 / 3.0 – this is the most common USB interface and allows you connect things like external storage drives, mice, keyboards etc. and can also have charging capabilities for the external device

USB-C – also called Type-C, this allows faster transfers than USB-A, and also can provide faster charging for both the external device and also sometimes the laptop

 

Now you have a basic understanding of what all of the technical jargon means, shop our full range of Laptops here to find the perfect fit for you.